Origin and destination states often formalise their agreements in the field of labour through either non-binding MOUs or binding bilateral labour agreements. Many of these arrangements are basic documents that simply provide an agreed basis for the private sector to recruit workers in the corridor. In these instances, they are unlikely to impact workers significantly. In other cases, bilateral mechanisms establish the basis for government-to-government recruitment or include other specific measures that directly address the recruitment and terms of employment for migrant workers. This is an examination of how each government under study uses bilateral arrangements, their consistency with principles of fair recruitment, and the extent to which they actually protect workers in the recruitment cycle.